The one horned rhinoceros is heavily built and ranks fourth in terms of size in the world. As the name suggests the Indian rhinoceros has a single black horn. It is also the largest of all Asian rhinos with a length of 10 feet and a height of 5.5 feet. The male rhinos are larger in size than their female counterparts. They are herbivorous animals who can run 25 mph and also being excellent swimmers.
Like all other species of rhinos, Indian rhinos are also subjected to threat of international demand based poaching. The poaching of rhinos in Kaziranga went to all time high in the year 1992 when 49 rhinos were poached in a year. However, the strong protection efforts from the Government of Assam helped in controlling the menace making 2003 as zero poaching year in Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga with only few individuals of rhinos reported in 1902 was declared as Reserved Forests on 3rd January, 1908 to create an asylum for protecting rhinos and was finally declared as National Park in 1974 with an area of 429.93 Square Km. The journey of few individuals of Indian Rhinoceros in the year 1902 to 2290 in the year 2012 sustained, in spite of varying levels of protection